Avian Influenza


Avian influenza is a disease of poultry, whose disease symptoms vary from completely mild or unnoticeable to a catastrophic disease with a mortality rate that can reach up to 100% in some avian species. The natural hosts of the virus are ducks, shorebirds, and other species of wild aquatic birds.



Avian Influenza Bird Carcass Disposal (PDF | 1.5 MB)

Air Burners.

Provides an incineration method for the disposal of culled and dead birds.


Avian Influenza: A Threat to US Poultry

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

This page provides fact sheets and disease alerts, as well as biosecurity information to prevent the virus from establishing itself in the U.S. poultry population.


Avian Influenza Carcass Disposal (PDF | 1.5 MB)

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.

A presentation on methods of disposal of poultry and other birds that have died or been culled as a result of Avian Influenza.


chickens Offlu: OIE/FAO Network of Expertise on Avian Influenza

Provides a way for experts in member countries to exchange scientific data and offer technical advice while highlighting avian influenza research needs.


Avian Influenza

US Department of State. Office of the Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs.

This site provides resources, press releases and fact sheets on the global perspective and initiatives in combating avian influenza.


OIE Avian Influenza Portal

World Organization for Animal Health.

Information on avian influenza, including strategy, technical expertise, international references, prevention and control.


Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

This webpage provides background information about avian influenza, including recent outbreaks, the viruses, the risk to human health and the transmission from animals to humans. It also includes information on guidelines and recommendations for airlines and travelers abroad. Current articles about avian influenza can be found in the Emerging Infectious Disease Journal.


Avian Influenza, 2005

USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center.

Provides an extensive bibliography and internet resources covering aspects of avian flu, including epidemiology, disease control and prevention, pathology, diagnosis, zoonotic implications and research.


European Union Avian Influenza Information

European Commission. Health and Consumer Protection Directorate General.

This page provides access to up-to-date information on European Union initiatives to control the avian influenza outbreak.


Avian influenza (bird flu)

UK. Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).

This web site is regularly updated with guidance and advice on control measures and the latest situation.


Foreign Animal Diseases, Part III - Diseases (PDF | 4.4 MB)

United States Animal Health Association. Committee on Foreign Animal Diseases.

Information about avian influenza starts on page 137, including its geographic distribution, transmission, incubation period, clinical signs, lesions, diagnosis, treatment, and public health issues.


Animal Health - Avian Influenza

Food and Agriculture Organization. Animal Production and Health Division.

This site provides some of the latest information on the cause and nature of disease and its spread throughout the world. Bi-weekly maps on outbreaks and their relationship to migratory birds are listed. There are guidance documents on the surveillance and control of the disease, as well as extensive descriptions of the disease using photos and videos.


Mallard duck swimming in water Avian Influenza

USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.

This site provides current information on avian influenza in wild birds, guidelines for handling wild birds, and referenced reports of disease in wildlife and domestic animals.


Avian Flu News

Nature Publishing Group.

Nature's Avian Flu News page contains new research and a timeline alongside a comprehensive archive of news and articles.


ProMED Mail - Information About Avian Influenza

International Society for Infectious Diseases.

This site is a global electronic reporting system for outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases & toxins, open to all sources. It is a program for monitoring emerging diseases.


Guidance for Protecting Employees Against Avian Flu

US Department of Labor. Occupational Safety & Health Administration.

This page provides background information on the transmission of avian influenza. Guidance on prevention are provided for anyone, such as farm animal handlers, laboratory workers, food handlers, airline crews, and travelers abroad who may come in contact with contaminated birds.