Environmental EnrichmentEnrichment for Farm Animals
USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare.
This chapter of the book Environmental Enrichment Information Resources for Laboratory Animals provides a brief article on environmental enrichment for farm animals and provides an extensive bibliography.
Environmental Enrichment for Pigs
Colorado State University.
Dr. Temple Grandin's website focuses on livestock behavior, design of facilities, and humane slaughter. The site contains articles and abstracts on environmental enrichment for pigs.
- Effect of Rearing Environment and Environmental Enrichment on the Behavior of Neural Development of Young Pigs
- Environmental Enrichment for Confinement Hogs
- Toys, Mingling and Driving Reduce Exitability in Pigs
- Richness of Pig's Environment Affects Handling in Chute
- Effects of Rearing Environment on the Behavior of Young Pigs
Welfare of Farmed Animals Regulations, 2003
UK. Office of Public Sector Information.
In 2003, the UK added an environmental enrichment section to the welfare of farmed animals regulation that requires pigs have access to material (e.g. hay, straw, or sawdust) in order to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities.
Enrichment for Pigs
Toys For Pigs
In the UK instructions have been given to farmers to give pigs environmental enrichment by providing manipulable material. This site discusses some of the toys including various types of balls that are in the process of being developed to provide environmental enrichment for swine.
Farm Animal Welfare Council
The FAWC is an independent United Kingdom advisory body that reviews the welfare of farm animals and advises the government of possible legislative changes. The report on turkeys discusses environmental enrichment and the document about laying hens contains a discussion about enriched cages.
Database on Refinement of Housing and Handling Conditions and Environmental Enrichment for Animals kept in Laboratories
Animal Welfare Institute.
This searchable database provides citations on refinement and environmental enrichment for rodents, rabbits, rats, dogs, ferrets, farm animals, horses, birds, fishes, amphibians and reptiles.
The Shape of Enrichment, Inc.
The Shape of Enrichment was founded in 1991 as a partnership to further animal enrichment efforts worldwide. Articles written in the quarterly publication are dedicated to exchanging enrichment ideas among animal caretakers. Past articles include enrichment techniques for exotic pigs, large ungulates, and a variety of bird species, as well as many other animals.