Ground squirrel Wildlife Research and the IACUC

USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center.

An overview of Federal laws and regulations affecting wildlife research and the responsibilities of the animal care committee when reviewing wildlife studies.

Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA)

USDOC. NOAA Fisheries' Office of Protected Resources.

The MMPA prohibits, with certain exceptions, the take of marine mammals in US waters and by US citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the United States.

Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973

US Fish and Wildlife Service.

The Endangered Species Act, passed in 1973, was passed to protect and recover imperiled species and their ecosystems. Responsibility for implementing the Act is shared jointly by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (land and freshwater species) and the NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service (marine and andromous species).

Close-up of a male lion Captive Wildlife Safety Act

U.S. Department of Justice.

This law (effective September 17, 2007) makes it illegal to move certain types of big cats across State lines for U.S. borders unless qualified as exempt.


US Fish & Wildlife Service.

The FWS issues permits under various wildlife laws and treaties at different offices at the national, regional, and/or wildlife port levels.

NOTE: Hunting and fishing licenses are issued by State wildlife agencies.

A moose standing in water Wildlife Services

USDA. APHIS. Wildlife Services.

Wildlife Services is involved in managing problems caused by wildlife that pose risks to human health or safety.

Bushbaby Pets and Wildlife-Licensing and Health Requirements

DHS. U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

An overview of all United States laws and regulations governing the importation of pets, wild animals, and animal products.

African elephant African Elephant Conservation Act

USFWS. International Affairs.

This US federal law that acknowledges the endangered status of African elephants and allocates money toward conservation efforts.

Fact About Federal Wildlife Laws (PDF | 324 KB)

DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.

This booklet is a guide to Federal laws that apply to the importation, exportation, trade and sale of wildlife, including live and dead animals and animal parts and products.

Asian Elephant Conservation Act of 1997

US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Establishes the Asian Elephant Conservation Fuind and instructs the Secretary of the Interior to use amounts in the fund to provide financial assistance for projects for the conservation of Asian elephants.

Division of Congressional and Legislative Affairs

United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Produces information on Federal resource laws, treaties, interstate compacts, administrative laws, and memorandums of agreement on wetlands.