Marine Mammals

Handling Fish Fed to Fish-Eating Animals, 1998

USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center.

This document provides background and guidance for the handling of fish fed to captive fish-eating animals. All points of fish handling are discussed, from ordering, purchasing, and receipt through storage, thawing, and feeding-including cleaning and sanitation-to validating procedures and sampling.

Marine Mammal Welfare: The Role of USDA, APHIS

USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center.

Outlines USDA, APHIS's role in the welfare of marine mammals held for display, research, and/or species enhancement.

Otter (Lutrinae) Care Manual (PDF | 1.5 MB)

Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

This document addresses the husbandry needs associated with keeping four otter species in captivity - Asian Small Clawed Otter, North American River Otter, and Giant Otter.

Marine Mammal Water Quality: Proceedings of a Symposium (PDF | 1.6 MB)

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Presentations from a 1992 symposium on water quality for marine mammals.

Young harbor seal Sterilization of Marine Mammal Pool Water (PDF | 5.76 MB)

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

This Technical Bulletin (No. 1797) discusses the sterilization and disinfection of marine mammal pools using a variety of methods and procedures.

Captive Breeding & the Mediterranean Monk Seal: A Focus on Antibes Marineland (PDF | 699 KB)

International Marine Mammal Association, Inc.

This 1994 publication provides information on mortality rates, animal welfare, and captive breeding programs for the Mediterranean monk seal. Additional information on captive breeding, translocation, research, and habitat protection is found in The Mediterranean Monk Seal: Conservation Guidelines (PDF|955 KB).

Marine Mammal Stranding Response, Rehabilitation, and Release: Standards for Rehabilitation Facilities (PDF | 270 KB)

NOAA. National Marine Fisheries Service.

This document aims to set minimum facility, husbandry, and veterinary standards for rehabilitating marine mammals for release back into the wild.